Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

A lentivirus, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which results in HIV infection and if not treated over time it results in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). It is a state in humans in that cause failure of the immune system permits life-threatening devious infections and cancers to develop. Without treatment, typical survival time following infection with HIV is projected to be 9 to 11 years, liable on the HIV subtype. HIV infection occurs through transfer of vaginal fluids, semen, blood and breast milk.

HIV infects important cells in the human immune system like macrophages, helper T cells, and dendritic cells. HIV infection causes low levels of CD4+ T cells employing a number of mechanisms, comprising pyroptosis of abortively infested T cells.

  • fever
  • chills
  • muscle aches
  • sore throat
  • sweats (predominantly at night)
  • joint pain
  • a red rash
  • tiredness
  • enlarged glands
  • weakness
  • unintentional weight loss